Book recalls impact of Connecticut River Valley Flood of 1936

  • Joshua Shanley wrote this book about the Connecticut River Valley and the infamous Flood of 1936. SCANNED IMAGE


  • Downtown Northampton during 1936 flood. PHOTO FROM FORBES LIBRARY

  • A crowd gathers on a street corner in Athol to assess damage from the floodwaters on Canal Street. FLOOD VIEWS OF FRANKLIN COUNTY

  • The Millers River overtops its banks and inundates downtown Athol during the 1936 flood. FLOOD VIEWS OF FRANKLIN COUNTY

  • This photo shows the impact of the 1936 flood in Deerfield. FLOOD VIEWS OF FRANKLIN COUNTY


  • The wooden marker on the side of Exhibition Hall at the Three County Fairgrounds in Northampton indicates the high-water mark reached by the Flood of 1936 on March 20, 1936. STAFF PHOTO/DOMENIC POLI

Staff Writer
Published: 10/20/2021 3:36:04 PM

The Three County Fair in Northampton has all you might expect from an agricultural society in a picturesque pocket of New England. Recognized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture as the oldest ongoing fair in continuous operation in the United States, it boasts 204 years of tradition that includes live performances, demolition derbies, livestock demonstrations and, until 2005, Thoroughbred horse racing. But history, reliably, comes with its ups and downs.

Nestled among the plethora of food options, the property’s Exhibition Hall is open to the public, but carries with it a discreet scar. A wooden marker shows the high-water mark reached by the Flood of 1936 on March 20, 1936, when a combination of heavy rain and melting snow wreaked havoc on the mid-Atlantic region and New England, specifically in the Connecticut River Valley.

This is the topic of Joshua Shanley’s book, “Connecticut River Valley Flood of 1936,” which chronicles the damage left from St. Johnsbury, Vt., to the Park River in Hartford, Conn. The Massachusetts towns of Northfield, Athol, Orange, Erving, Greenfield, Montague, Deerfield and Sunderland are included, as are the Deerfield River, Northampton, Holyoke, South Hadley, Chicopee Falls, Springfield and West Springfield.

“I look forward through a lens of history, if that makes sense,” Shanley said, adding that he researched his book for about two years. “Everything was done pre-COVID and it sat on the shelf for a good six months ... while the publisher was trying to figure what to do.”

Arcadia Publishing and The History Press released the book in April.

“(The Flood of) ’36 was such a huge event … around New England and, really, up and down the East Coast,” Shanley said. “The scope of ’36 was just amazing.”

At least 100 people died as a result of the flood and tens of thousands were left homeless, unemployed and without power for weeks. Recovery efforts were impeded by typhoid and other public health issues. Damage estimates exceeded $9 billion in 2021 dollars, and the disaster helped launch President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Flood Control Act of 1936.

Shanley, 54, has a considerable interest in emergency services, having worked in the field since 1989, during which time he has had the opportunity to support several special operations teams as a tactical medic and rescue technician. He served as a canine handler with the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Urban Search and Rescue Task Force and took part in the response to both notorious World Trade Center attacks — the 1993 truck bomb attack that killed six and the terrorist strikes of Sept. 11, 2001.

Shanley completed a master’s degree in emergency management in 2005 and he eventually chaired various committees with a focus on public health and health care preparedness and emergency management. He ran a consulting practice for five years, working with hospitals around the United States on various scenarios, including flu pandemic and full-building evacuation planning. He earned a master’s in entrepreneurial thinking and innovative practices in 2008 and just recently completed a master’s in education.

A New York native who lives in East Windsor, Conn., he has been a firefighter/paramedic with Northampton Fire Rescue since 2009 and the media project lead for the Massachusetts Fire Academy, where he builds online classes and shoots photos and video of the Massachusetts State Police Bomb Squad, Hazardous Materials Response Unit and Technical Rescue Teams.

Shanley said Hurricane Henri was, for about 24 hours, on the same path as the 1936 flood. He said he wrote his book, in part, to help ensure the lessons learned are not forgotten.

“I really feel like we’re at an interesting tipping point, and I don’t know which way it’s going to go,” he said. “Very quickly, it snowballs. And it takes a long time and a lot of money to recover.”

Shanley said floods often cause other disasters. In fact, according to the Northeast States Emergency Consortium, nearly nine of 10 presidential disaster declarations include flooding as a component. And Shanley said the people most affected and most often “left behind” are the already disenfranchised.

“Connecticut River Valley Flood of 1936 can be purchased online at, or

Reach Domenic Poli at: or
413-772-0261, ext. 262.


Support Local Journalism

Subscribe to the Greenfield Recorder, keeping Franklin County informed since 1792.

Greenfield Recorder

14 Hope Street
Greenfield, MA 01302-1367
Phone: (413) 772-0261
Fax: (413) 772-2906


Copyright © 2021 by Newspapers of Massachusetts, Inc.
Terms & Conditions - Privacy Policy