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A-Rod sues MLB, union to overturn drug ban

  • FILE - This Oct. 1, 2013 file photo shows New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez arrivng at the offices of Major League Baseball in New York. Rodriguez sued Major League Baseball and its players' union Monday, Jan. 13, 2014 seeking to overturn a season-long suspension imposed by an arbitrator who ruled there was "clear and convincing evidence" he used three banned substances and twice tried to obstruct the sport's drug investigation. (AP Photo/David Karp, file)

    FILE - This Oct. 1, 2013 file photo shows New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez arrivng at the offices of Major League Baseball in New York. Rodriguez sued Major League Baseball and its players' union Monday, Jan. 13, 2014 seeking to overturn a season-long suspension imposed by an arbitrator who ruled there was "clear and convincing evidence" he used three banned substances and twice tried to obstruct the sport's drug investigation. (AP Photo/David Karp, file)

  • FILE - This Oct. 1, 2013 file photo shows New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez arrivng at the offices of Major League Baseball in New York. Rodriguez sued Major League Baseball and its players' union Monday, Jan. 13, 2014 seeking to overturn a season-long suspension imposed by an arbitrator who ruled there was "clear and convincing evidence" he used three banned substances and twice tried to obstruct the sport's drug investigation. (AP Photo/David Karp, file)

    FILE - This Oct. 1, 2013 file photo shows New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez arrivng at the offices of Major League Baseball in New York. Rodriguez sued Major League Baseball and its players' union Monday, Jan. 13, 2014 seeking to overturn a season-long suspension imposed by an arbitrator who ruled there was "clear and convincing evidence" he used three banned substances and twice tried to obstruct the sport's drug investigation. (AP Photo/David Karp, file)

  • FILE - This Oct. 1, 2013 file photo shows New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez arrivng at the offices of Major League Baseball in New York. Rodriguez sued Major League Baseball and its players' union Monday, Jan. 13, 2014 seeking to overturn a season-long suspension imposed by an arbitrator who ruled there was "clear and convincing evidence" he used three banned substances and twice tried to obstruct the sport's drug investigation. (AP Photo/David Karp, file)

    FILE - This Oct. 1, 2013 file photo shows New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez arrivng at the offices of Major League Baseball in New York. Rodriguez sued Major League Baseball and its players' union Monday, Jan. 13, 2014 seeking to overturn a season-long suspension imposed by an arbitrator who ruled there was "clear and convincing evidence" he used three banned substances and twice tried to obstruct the sport's drug investigation. (AP Photo/David Karp, file)

  • FILE - In this Aug. 25, 2013 file photo, New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez watches from the dugout during the first inning of a baseball game against the Tampa Bay Rays in St. Petersburg, Fla. Rodriguez's drug suspension has been cut to 162 games from 211 by arbitrator Fredric Horowitz, a decision sidelining the New York Yankees third baseman the entire 2014 season.  (AP Photo/Phelan M. Ebenhack)

    FILE - In this Aug. 25, 2013 file photo, New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez watches from the dugout during the first inning of a baseball game against the Tampa Bay Rays in St. Petersburg, Fla. Rodriguez's drug suspension has been cut to 162 games from 211 by arbitrator Fredric Horowitz, a decision sidelining the New York Yankees third baseman the entire 2014 season. (AP Photo/Phelan M. Ebenhack)

  • FILE - In this Aug. 25, 2013 file photo, New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez watches from the dugout during the first inning of a baseball game against the Tampa Bay Rays in St. Petersburg, Fla. Rodriguez's drug suspension has been cut to 162 games from 211 by arbitrator Fredric Horowitz, a decision sidelining the New York Yankees third baseman the entire 2014 season.  (AP Photo/Phelan M. Ebenhack)

    FILE - In this Aug. 25, 2013 file photo, New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez watches from the dugout during the first inning of a baseball game against the Tampa Bay Rays in St. Petersburg, Fla. Rodriguez's drug suspension has been cut to 162 games from 211 by arbitrator Fredric Horowitz, a decision sidelining the New York Yankees third baseman the entire 2014 season. (AP Photo/Phelan M. Ebenhack)

  • FILE - In this Aug. 25, 2013 file photo, New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez watches from the dugout during the first inning of a baseball game against the Tampa Bay Rays in St. Petersburg, Fla. Rodriguez's drug suspension has been cut to 162 games from 211 by arbitrator Fredric Horowitz, a decision sidelining the New York Yankees third baseman the entire 2014 season.  (AP Photo/Phelan M. Ebenhack)

    FILE - In this Aug. 25, 2013 file photo, New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez watches from the dugout during the first inning of a baseball game against the Tampa Bay Rays in St. Petersburg, Fla. Rodriguez's drug suspension has been cut to 162 games from 211 by arbitrator Fredric Horowitz, a decision sidelining the New York Yankees third baseman the entire 2014 season. (AP Photo/Phelan M. Ebenhack)

  • FILE - This Oct. 1, 2013 file photo shows New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez arrivng at the offices of Major League Baseball in New York. Rodriguez sued Major League Baseball and its players' union Monday, Jan. 13, 2014 seeking to overturn a season-long suspension imposed by an arbitrator who ruled there was "clear and convincing evidence" he used three banned substances and twice tried to obstruct the sport's drug investigation. (AP Photo/David Karp, file)
  • FILE - This Oct. 1, 2013 file photo shows New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez arrivng at the offices of Major League Baseball in New York. Rodriguez sued Major League Baseball and its players' union Monday, Jan. 13, 2014 seeking to overturn a season-long suspension imposed by an arbitrator who ruled there was "clear and convincing evidence" he used three banned substances and twice tried to obstruct the sport's drug investigation. (AP Photo/David Karp, file)
  • FILE - This Oct. 1, 2013 file photo shows New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez arrivng at the offices of Major League Baseball in New York. Rodriguez sued Major League Baseball and its players' union Monday, Jan. 13, 2014 seeking to overturn a season-long suspension imposed by an arbitrator who ruled there was "clear and convincing evidence" he used three banned substances and twice tried to obstruct the sport's drug investigation. (AP Photo/David Karp, file)
  • FILE - In this Aug. 25, 2013 file photo, New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez watches from the dugout during the first inning of a baseball game against the Tampa Bay Rays in St. Petersburg, Fla. Rodriguez's drug suspension has been cut to 162 games from 211 by arbitrator Fredric Horowitz, a decision sidelining the New York Yankees third baseman the entire 2014 season.  (AP Photo/Phelan M. Ebenhack)
  • FILE - In this Aug. 25, 2013 file photo, New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez watches from the dugout during the first inning of a baseball game against the Tampa Bay Rays in St. Petersburg, Fla. Rodriguez's drug suspension has been cut to 162 games from 211 by arbitrator Fredric Horowitz, a decision sidelining the New York Yankees third baseman the entire 2014 season.  (AP Photo/Phelan M. Ebenhack)
  • FILE - In this Aug. 25, 2013 file photo, New York Yankees' Alex Rodriguez watches from the dugout during the first inning of a baseball game against the Tampa Bay Rays in St. Petersburg, Fla. Rodriguez's drug suspension has been cut to 162 games from 211 by arbitrator Fredric Horowitz, a decision sidelining the New York Yankees third baseman the entire 2014 season.  (AP Photo/Phelan M. Ebenhack)

NEW YORK — Alex Rodriguez sued Major League Baseball and its players’ union Monday, seeking to overturn a season-long suspension imposed by an arbitrator who ruled there was “clear and convincing evidence” the New York Yankees star used three banned substances and twice tried to obstruct the sport’s drug investigation.

As part of the complaint filed in federal court in Manhattan, Rodriguez’s lawyers made public Saturday’s 34-page decision by arbitrator Fredric Horowitz, who shortened a penalty originally set at 211 games last August by baseball Commissioner Bud Selig for violations of the sport’s drug agreement and labor contract.

Horowitz, a 65-year-old making his second decision as baseball’s independent arbitrator, trimmed the discipline to 162 games, plus all postseason games in 2014.

“While this length of suspension may be unprecedented for a MLB player, so is the misconduct he committed,” Horowitz wrote.

Horowitz concluded Rodriguez used testosterone, human growth hormone and Insulin-like growth factor-1 in 2010, 2011 and 2012 in violation of baseball’s Joint Drug Agreement. He relied on evidence provided by the founder of the now-closed Biogenesis of America anti-aging clinic in Florida.

“Direct evidence of those violations was supplied by the testimony of Anthony Bosch and corroborated with excerpts from Bosch’s personal composition notebooks, BBMs (Blackberry messages) exchanged between Bosch and Rodriguez, and reasonable inferences drawn from the entire record of evidence,” Horowitz wrote. “The testimony was direct, credible and squarely corroborated by excerpts from several of the hundreds of pages of his composition notebooks.”

While the original notebooks were stolen, Horowitz allowed copies into evidence.

Rodriguez’s suit accused the Major League Baseball Players Association of “bad faith,” said its representation during the hearing was “perfunctory at best” and accused it of failing to attack a civil suit filed by MLB in Florida state court as part of its Biogenesis investigation.

His lawyers criticized Michael Weiner, the union head who died from a brain tumor in November, for saying last summer he recommended Rodriguez settle for a lesser penalty if MLB were to offer an acceptable length.

“His claim is completely without merit, and we will aggressively defend ourselves and our members from these baseless charges,” new union head Tony Clark said in a statement. “The players’ association has vigorously defended Mr. Rodriguez’s rights throughout the Biogenesis investigation, and indeed throughout his career. Mr. Rodriguez’s allegation that the association has failed to fairly represent him is outrageous, and his gratuitous attacks on our former executive director, Michael Weiner, are inexcusable.”

The suit also claimed MLB engaged in “ethically challenged behavior” and was the source of media leaks in violation of baseball’s confidentiality rules.

Rodriguez’s lawyers said Horowitz acted “with evident partiality” and “refused to entertain evidence that was pertinent and material.” They faulted Horowitz for denying Rodriguez’s request to have a different arbitrator hear the case, for not ordering Selig to testify and for allowing Bosch to claim Fifth Amendment rights against self-incrimination in refusing to answer questions during cross-examination.

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